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Insomnia : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Diagnosis - According to guidelines from a physician group, insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, even when a person has the chance to do so. People with insomnia can feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school.

In other words, insomnia is the inability to get sufficient amount of sleep as needed. Sleeping well means someone will be able to wake up feeling satisfied and passionate. Remember that the number of hours or duration of each person's sleeping needs can be different, therefore what needs to be emphasized here is the quality of one's sleep rather than the amount of sleep. Even when you spend eight hours in bed, but you still feel sleepy and tired during the day, then it can also be called with insomnia.

The good news is that most cases of insomnia can be overcome by capitalizing a strong will to heal of course with factors causing insomnia, even you can handle it yourself without the help of an expert or sleeping pills.

Here are some of the causes of insomnia diseases you need to know:

Excessive fear, excessive fear usually comes after you watch the soap operas or all the horror movie. This causes you to save the files into the brain take your conscious so you become difficult to sleep.

Overtime work, It makes your eyes work night and day making it a habit. it will trigger insomnia. Fewer hours of sleep trigger a person used to awake every night because this habit makes the eyes and brain record how many hours he will sleep in each day. The factor of the lack of various sleep hours could be due tonight sifts, which in essence demands a job that forces him to reduce his hours of rest.

Excessive worries. Sometimes people with too much thought or anxiety can make people feel it for a long time. So it difficult to focus on work even on insomnia (insomnia).

Stay up late, do not go too often stay up because it can cause insomnia. You should not do to stay up if there is nothing else to do, immediately sleep soundly.

Heavy smokers, caffeine substances that exist in this cigarette is what keeps the eyes always awake. So if you want to sleep soundly healthy body less smoke and even leave smoking for a better life.

Consuming coffee or tea, this beverage consist of caffeine. It stimulates and increases alertness and boosts energy levels. do not drink tea or coffee yes if you want to sleep soundly at night.

Stress, a pile of jobs at the workplace near where we sleep will be very disturbing and maybe a piece of bills paper is also disturbing our minds.

Uncomfortable beds and the rooms, why not uncomfortable usually because we sleep in a place that is not our room or stay in our room but our bedroom is a mess.

Sleeping right under a dazzling light, this can also trigger insomnia because the retina of the eye will always contract perfectly against the light.

Fallin in love, believe or not fall in love more often experience insomnia than those who have not. In other hands,  hatred of someone also could be insomnia infecting you.

Treatments For Insomnia

Some types of insomnia resolve when the underlying cause is treated or wears off. In general, insomnia treatment focuses on determining the cause.Once identified, this underlying cause can be properly treated or corrected.In addition to treating the underlying cause of insomnia, both medical and non-pharmacological (behavioral) treatments may be applied as therapies.

Non-pharmacological treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in one-on-one counseling sessions or group therapy:

Medical treatments for insomnia include:

  • prescription sleeping pills
  • antidepressants
  • over-the-counter sleep aids
  • antihistamines
  • melatonin
  • ramelteon
  • Home remedies
  • Home remedies for insomnia include:

Improving quality sleeping: exercising daily, not forcing sleep, maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine at night, avoiding smoking, avoiding going to bed when hungry, and ensuring a comfortable sleeping environment.

Be relax:  include meditation and muscle relaxation: Stimulus control therapy - only go to bed when sleepy. Avoid watching TV, reading, eating, or worrying in bed. Set an alarm for the same time every morning (even weekends) and avoid long daytime naps.

Sleep restriction: Decreasing the time spent in bed and partially depriving the body of sleep can increase tiredness, ready for the next night.


A sleep specialist will start by asking questions about the individual's medical history and sleep patterns. A physical exam may be conducted to look for possible underlying conditions. The doctor might screen for psychiatric disorders and drug and alcohol use. The Stanford Center for Sleep Sciences and Medicine explains that the term "insomnia" is often applied refer to "disturbed sleep."

For a diagnosis of insomnia, the disturbed sleep should have lasted for more than 1 month. It should also negatively impact the patient's well-being, either through the causing distress or disturbing mood or performance.

The patient may ask to keep a sleep diary to help understand their sleeping patterns.

Other tests may include a polysomnograph. This is an overnight sleeping test that records sleep patterns. In addition, actigraphy may be conducted. This uses a small, wrist-worn device called an actigraph to measure movement and sleep-wake patterns.

Risk factors

Insomnia can affect people of any age; it is more common in adult females than adult males. It can undermine school and work performance, as well as contributing to obesity, anxiety, depression, irritability, concentration problems, memory problems, poor immune system function, and reduced reaction time.

Some people are more likely to experience insomnia. These include:

  • travelers, particularly through multiple time zones
  • shift workers with frequent changes in shifts (day vs. night)
  • the elderly
  • users of illegal drugs
  • adolescent or young adult students
  • pregnant women
  • menopausal women
  • those with mental health disorders


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