Onhealthmeup.com - Blackheads represent a tiny skin opening (pore) which is plugged into the surface of what is called the pilosebaceous unit. This plug made up of sebum (or oil) and dirt, has an open top so you can see into it which makes them black appear.
Unfortunately, they are just are barely visible on some of us than others.
The appearance of blackheads varies based on age, skin care regimen, hormone status, and heredity. There are only some aspects of these variables that we can control. People with very obvious blackheads are usually teenagers, but also even the elderly can suffer from them.
For you who have tried to remove comedo, do not stop there. The next step is to prevent blackheads not to reappear. These steps are highly recommended either before or after the blackheads are gone, as this also supports the facial care you are running.
The following steps to prevent blackheads:
1. Wash Hair Regularly
Having frequent use of hair oil can cause the facial skin surface to come oily and allow the pores easily clogged. in this issue, you should also wash your hair regularly. Apply non-comedo shampoo every two to three days unless your hair tends to be very oily or uses hair oil every day. It's also useful for eliminating dandruff. In addition, the more frequent washing your hair and less applying hair oil, it is excessive and even will stimulate the scalp to form more oil in compensation.
2. Oil-free makeup
Oil-based makeup has the potential to clog pores. Choose noncomedogenic makeup products to prevent reappearing them. You also have to make sure that the makeup brush, sponge or other tools should be sterilized regularly from bacteria that causes blackheads and acne. It's better to clean up your makeup gently with cleanser or wash your face after doing your daily routine. This will give your skin relax, breathe a night's relief and prevent blackheads.
2. Maintain a healthy diet.
Blackheads are formed when excess oil clogs the skin pores. Therefore, a logical step to prevent blackheads is to reduce the source of oil by reducing oily foods and replace them with healthy foods in the form of fruits and vegetables. Drink plenty of water also improve overall health for your whole body, which reflected in healthy skin.
Particularly, you should try to consume fruit and vegetables rich vitamin A, such as broccoli, spinach and carrots, and vitamins E and Vitamin C, such as oranges, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, avocados. These nutrients will help the skin improve and renew itself better.
3. Exfoliating with baking soda
Exfoliating is one of the only variables we do have control over when it comes to minimizing the appearance of blackheads. You can use cleansers, sponges, and brushes to gently scrub away plugged pores, but chances are you already have a key element in your fridge. Baking soda is an ingredient that is usually used in microdermabrasion, which, as a method of exfoliating, can aid in preventing blackheads when done regularly. Mix baking soda with water to create a gentle scrubbing paste or you can use apple cider vinegar instead of water because it has astringent and anti-bacterial properties and will similarly clear out pores.
4. Use clay masks
Facial masks to apply for deep cleaning that can in some circumstances help clean out pores, leaving them smoother looking. Like with microdermabrasion, it needs to be done on a regular basis for best results. Abrasive pastes, powders, and clay masks with kaolin gently exfoliate and help absorb existing oil, but it will accumulate again shortly after the product is used.
6. Try pore strips
Whether store-bought or homemade, “pore strips can provide immediate improvement of some types of plugged pores, but the blackheads will recur unless a proper skin care regime is followed routinely as a preventative measure.
4. Apply salicylic and/or glycolic acid
The best way to break down oil in clogged pores is by using beta-hydroxy acids (like salicylic) or combination peels containing salicylic acid. It is lipophilic (attracted to fat/oils) and concentrates at the surface of the pore to dissolve the plugs. Consistent use will prevent the blackheads before they form and help clear existing pores. Additionally, glycolic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid that’s derived from sugar cane, helps clear dead skin and debris on the surface.
6. Buy a retinoid product
This vitamin A derivative is the significance to clear clogged pores and prevent blackheads from forming. Prescription-strength formulations are the most effective, but there are several mostly effective over-the-counter retinol formulations. These work on receptors in the skin to improve the way skin grows and sheds so that it is less likely to form acne. The outer skin layer evens out and gets thicker while the outer dead layer of keratin material sheds more efficiently. Sometimes there is noticeable peeling but after regular use three to seven times weekly for four to six weeks, the side effects lessen and the skin appears more radiant and clear.
7. Get microdermabrasion
Your dermatologist can also provide chemical peel treatments and comedo extractions which are office-based procedures known to help improve skin texture and appearance. It takes everything in your power, but the worst approach is to squeeze blackheads. This can make skin inflamed, infected and even cause scarring. Be careful not to use any sharp tools on the skin. Leave that to the professionals.
8. Use Benzoyl Peroxide Cream
Benzoyl peroxide is an effective acne treatment that can be used to remove blackheads even cystic acne (stone acne). This substance works by reducing bacteria on the surface of the skin and removing the particles and dead skin cells that accumulate in the pores of the face. Benzoyl peroxide is available in several different doses, some freely available, and some require a doctor's prescription.
Benzoyl peroxide can be very hard while applying to the skin so it can cause pain, itching, dry and scaly skin. Therefore, use a low dose first, especially if you have sensitive skin, and only use on facial areas exposed to blackheads.