Onhealthmeup.com - There are some causes of lymph nodes can swell. The more common cause is an infection, ranging from mild up to severe. There are serious causes why many people feared, that is cancer or malignant tumor.Whatever the cause, when you experience swollen lymph nodes will be better if examined by the doctor, especially in term of weeks swelling.
What is the lymph node?
A lymph node is a small tissue may be the size of a nut, lymph nodes are spread throughout the body, but there are certain points that have more lymph nodes to look grouped and joined together. Examples of lymph nodes are grouped and may include in the neck, armpits, and groin.
Lymph nodes are connected to each other by tissues called lymph vessels to drain lymph (lymph fluid). Lymph is a fluid that forms between the cells of the body. This fluid flows along the lymph channels, filtered in the lymph nodes and eventually will flow into the bloodstream.
Lymph and lymph nodes are a major part of the immune system. Inside there are white blood cells (lymphocytes) and antibodies that protect the body against infection.
What Causes Swollen Lymph Nodes?
Normal lymph nodes the size of a nut, and not visible from the outside. However, if there is swelling of the lymph nodes, it will show a bulge under the skin. Enlarged with various size sizes, as big as marbles, snake fruit seeds or even bigger than that.
The causes of lymph nodes include:
Infection - Common Causes
The most common cause of swollen lymph nodes is an infection. This indicates that the immune system is active against infectious germs (bacteria, viruses, etc.). Lymph nodes will usually return to normal size when the infection ends, approximately takes a week or more.
Examples of possible causative infections and lymph nodes are involved:
Infections or a sore throat, tonsillitis, colds, and infections of the teeth and gums - cause swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
Scalp or infection of the outer head - causing swelling of lymph nodes in the back of the head or back of the neck.
Leather arm infections can cause lymph nodes in the armpit to swell.
Foot or genital infections, or diaper rash, can cause swollen lymph nodes in the groin.
Viral infections such as flu (influenza), smallpox or glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) will affect the entire body's KGB (Neck, armpits, groin)
Cancer, lymphoma, and leukemia (rare)
Some cancer cells can rupture and spread (metastasize) to the nearest lymph nodes through the lymph channels. These cancer cells then grow and multiply in the lymph nodes causing swelling. Although this condition is less frequent than the above.
Examples of cancers:
Breast cancer can spread to the armpits of KGB.
Throat cancer can spread to lymph nodes in the neck.
Lung cancer and gastric cancer can spread to the inner lymph nodes.
Cancer of the lymphatic and blood system (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and leukemia) can cause swollen lymph nodes in many places.
Usually, lymph nodes that are swollen from cancer, lymphoma, and leukemia develop more slowly than those caused by infection. It also tends to hurt more.
Other Rarer Causes
In rare cases, lymph node development may be caused by reactions to certain drugs, glycogen storage diseases, sarcoidosis, and arthritis. Can be caused by HIV infection, Kawasaki disease, and tuberculosis (TB).
What Is The Swollen Treatment Of Lymph Nodes?
Appropriate treatment will depend on the cause. Since most swollen lymph nodes are not self-contained clogs, it is a sign of other health problems that cause them. When the cause we treat well, then the lymph nodes will return to normal as the disease heals.
So, for example, the cause is due to a viral infection, then this does not require any special treatment and the lymph nodes will usually return to normal after a week or so. However, lymph nodes caused by cancer, lymphoma or leukemia may require an intensive treatment.
Being a thing to worry about when swollen lymph nodes while it is clear the cause for example because of flu or a sore throat. But when the lymph nodes are swollen and you do not know exactly causes, then immediately consult a doctor.